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Laws Governing Employment Relationship in Nigeria

In establishing any organizational endeavor, an employment contract must be drawn up. In Nigeria, the employment relationship is governed primarily by the sources of employment laws in the country. A proper understanding of the laws that govern an employment relationship and adherence to laws that guide employees’ rights and employers’ obligations, can protect the company from serious human rights violations.

This article provides a guide to laws governing the employment relationship in Nigeria, from the sources of the law, the scope of the law, to the tenets of a typical employment contract.

There are two (2) broad categories of employees in Nigeria, namely:

“Workers”, defined under the Labour Act as those “who are generally employees who perform manual labour or clerical work”; and
“Employees”, who perform administrative, executive, technical or professional functions (referred to as “Non-workers”).

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